Tuesday, May 29, 2012
MORAL DEVELOPMENT THEORY
LEVEL ONE (up to age nine)
PRE- CONVENTIONAL MORALITY
Stage 1: Punishment - Obedience Orientation
Rules are obeyed to avoid punishment.
Stage 2: Personal Reward Orientation
Personal needs determine right and wrong.
Actions are based on self-satisfaction. They
help those who help them.
LEVEL TWO (typical of age 9-20)
Stage 3: Good Boy-Nice Girl Orientation
Desirable behavior pleases others; conforms to
the rules of the group to remain accepted.
Stage 4: Law and Order Orientation
Fixed rules must be established and obeyed. It
is essential to respect authority.
LEVEL THREE (usually after 20)
POST - CONVENTIONAL MORALITY
Stage 5: Social Contract Orientation
Rules are needed but the rights of the individual should be protected.
Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principle Orientation
Moral decisions are made in terms of self-chosen